The Vatican

vatican“There are moments when, without any tangible utility, something has to be said for no other reason but that it is true. If is not said, the moral order of the world suffers a blow that is harder to overcome than its violation by brute force.”
Guenter Lewy, The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany (New York, 1964) p.175

During the war the Vatican, which enjoyed – as it does today – political and diplomatic independence, was officially neutral.

Like many neutral states, it felt extremely vulnerable to Nazi aggression, especially since Hitler made it clear that he would brook no opposition from the Church. So long as Germany appeared likely to win the war, the official Catholic Church tended to adopt, at best, a silent posture and, at worst, an apparently pro-German stance. After all, one of Germany’s principal foes was the Soviet Union, and the Vatican was intensely anti-Communist.

The Vatican & The Jews:
Statement on Dealing with Holocaust Revisionism, Approved March 14, 1994 by The Synagogue Council of America and The National Conference of Catholic Bishops
Jewish Virtual Library

The Vatican Files
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

Catholic Church and Nazi Germany
Wikipedia

Just another neutral state: The Vatican in the Holocaust
Concordat Watch

Vatican anti-Judaism versus Nazi anti-Semitism: a subtle theological distinction
Concordat Watch

The Vatican & the Holocaust:
Preliminary Report on the Vatican During the Holocaust
by The International Catholic-Jewish Historical Commission
(October 2000)
Jewish Virtual Library

THE COMMISSION THAT COULDN’T SHOOT STRAIGHT
Global Catholic Network

Statement on Catholic-Jewish Holocaust Scholars Group
William Henry Cardinal Keeler
Cardinal Rating

A Response to ‘The Vatican and the Holocaust’
by Pope John Paul II
Catholic culture

Vatican anti-Judaism versus Nazi anti-Semitism: a subtle theological distinction
Concordat Watch

Understanding the Vatican During the Nazi Period
by Michael Marrus
Jewish Virtual Library

Von Papen, papal chamberlain and Nazi negotiator
Concordat Watch

Before the Holocaust
Book Review:
THE POPES AGAINST THE JEWS
The Vatican’s Role in the Rise of Modern Anti-Semitism.
By David I. Kertzer
The New York Times – Books

The Silence of the Vatican And the Plight of the Jews
H. Brand
New Politics, vol. 8, no. 2 (new series), whole no. 30, Winter 2001

The Vatican Made Nazism
Possible in Germany and Croatia
Photo montage and analysis by Jared Israel
The Emperor’s New Clothes

The Vatican And Nazi Germany Bibliography
Museum of Tolerance Online

THE VATICAN AND THE GERMAN RESISTANCE DURING WORLD WAR II: 1939-1940
The Catholic Social Science Review

The Vatican’s financial strategy against Hitler
Vatican Insider

The Vatican Role in the Ustasha Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia
Serbianna

Mass grave of history: Vatican’s WWII identity crisis
The Jerusalem Post , February 22, 2010 ,Julia Gorin
Free Republic

The Holocaust and the Catholic Church
The Atlantic

The Silence was Deafening
Haaretz

The Church and Nazi Germany: Opposition, Acquiescence and Collaboration
Catholic News Agency

Just another neutral state: The Vatican in the Holocaust
Concordat Watch

“The Worst Thing About my Church”
Book Review:
Constantine’s Sword, by James Carroll
The Atlantic

Von Papen, papal chamberlain and Nazi negotiator
Concordat Watch

Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression
Individual Responsibility Of Defendants
Franz Von Papen
The Nizkor Project

The Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt October 19, 1945

Statement of the German Catholic Bishops on the 50th anniversary
of the liberation of the extermination camp of Auschwitz
27 January 1945

Declaration of Repentance by the Roman Catholic Bishops of France September 30, 1997
Drancy, France

COMMISSION FOR RELIGIOUS RELATIONS WITH THE JEWS
WE REMEMBER: A REFLECTION ON THE SHOAH

The Ustasha and Vatican’s Silence – Part 1
Holocaust Controversies

Vatican Still Refuses To Open Holocaust Records To Jewish Scholars
By Haim Shapiro
Jerusalem Post

Vatican opens secret Nazi files
BBC News

Videos: Vatican – Nazi Connection
Military Channel

YouTube Video:
The Catholic Church & the early period of National Socialism (Dr. Suzanne Brown-Fleming)
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

YouTube Video:
The Complicity of German Churches under National Socialism (Dr. Robert P. Ericksen)
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

YouTube Video:
The Historiography of the Catholic Church during National Socialism (Dr. Mark E. Ruff)
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

 

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