Nuremburg Race Laws

Nuremberg_lawsAt the annual Nazi Nuremberg Rally in September 1935, Hitler finally put the Nazis’ ideas of scientific racism against the Jews into law. Although the Laws failed to state a legal definition of who was Jewish, they made it much easier for the Nazis to discriminate against and restrict the basic rights of many German Jews. The Laws were rather complicated, but the basic principles stated that a person was Jewish if they descended from a minimum of three Jewish grandparents. Those who had four German grandparents were ‘German or kindred blood’.
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The concept of Mischlinge, ‘mixed blood’, was also introduced in the Nuremberg Laws; these were people who had one or two Jewish grandparents.Only those of ‘German or kindred blood’ were now classified as ‘racially acceptable’. All Jews and non-Aryans were stripped of their German citizenship, and sexual relations and marriages between Jews and non-Jews, as well as Aryans and non-Aryans, were prohibited. This was later extended to include ‘Gypsies, Negroes or their bastard offspring’.
The Nuremberg Laws helped to strip away all the freedoms and civil liberties that the Jewish people had gained since the emancipation in the 19th century. The Laws had put into legal constitution what Hitler and his Nazi followers had always believed; that the Jews of Germany were second-class citizens.
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The Holocaust:
The Nuremburg Laws
Jewish Virtual Library
Links to articles about the laws, as well as reactions from various parts of German society
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The Nuremberg Laws:
Background & Overview
Jewish Virtual Library
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Nuremberg Laws On Reich Citizenship, September 15, 1935
Yad Vashem
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Nuremberg Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor, September 15, 1935
Yad Vashem
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The Reich Citizenship Law (September 15, 1935) and the First Regulation to the Reich Citizenship Law (November 14, 1935)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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Discriminatory Decrees Against the Jews
Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression, Volume I, Chapter XII, Office of the United States Chief Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1946, pp. 980-982.
Yad Vashem
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Law for the Protection of
German Blood and German Honor
(September 15, 1935)
Jewish Virtual Library
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NAZI RACIALIZATION OF THE JEWS
The Society Pages
Includes images of instruments used for measuring physical features
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Neither Black Nor White: Intermarried Jews and Mischlinge during the Third Reich
Rice University
Web site devoted to analysing the issue of those citizens that did not fit into neat racial categories
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Intermarriage: The Party’s Perspective
Neither Black Nor White: Intermarried Jews and Mischlinge during the Third Reich
Rice University

The Nuremburg Race Laws
Neither Black Nor White: Intermarried Jews and Mischlinge during the Third Reich
Rice University
Detailed discussion, with chart

Mischling
Wikipedia

Mischling Test
Wikipedia

The Nuremberg Laws
Archives Receives Original Nazi Documents That “Legalized” Persecution of Jews
National Archives

Video:
Third Reich Nuremberg Laws
C-Span
Archivist Greg Bradsher talked about the 1935 Nuremberg Laws that created the official blueprint of racial policies against Jews in Nazi Germany.

The Nuremberg Laws
AOTUS
National Archives
Archivist of the United States’ blog

 

 

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