Munich Agreement

munich agreementMany ethnic Germans living in the newly-formed Czechoslovakia, led by Konrad Henlein, founder of the Sudetenland branch of the Nazi Party, had seen the success of the Austrian Anschluss in March 1938. They began to make demands for Czechoslovakia to become part of the Greater German Reich. Hitler, who longed for the unification of all ethnic Germans, began to present the threat of invading Czechoslovakia unless they garnered support from the Allies to take over the Sudetenland.

After discussions with representatives from France and Czechoslovakia, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain told Hitler his proposal was unacceptable. Italian dictator suggested to Hitler that he should hold a conference involving Germany, Britain, France and Italy. Excluding Czechoslovakia and the totalitarian Soviet Union would seemingly increase the possibility of an agreement being reached. Hitler took this advice and held the meeting in Munich on 29th September 1938. Eventually, as they were desperate to avoid war but did not want an alliance with Stalin’s Soviet Union, Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier, of France, agreed that Germany could claim the Sudetenland. In return, Hitler vowed not to make any other territorial demands in Europe. The Munich Agreement was signed in the early hours of 30th September, officially transferring the Sudetenland to Germany.

Munich Agreement

German Annexation of the Sudetenland (October 1938)
Historical Boy’s Clothing

Munich Conference and the Annexation of Sudetenland
29 Sep 1938 – 10 Oct 1938
World War II Database

German occupation of Czechoslovakia

Dismemberment of Czechoslovakia
World War II Database
Article and timeline

Forced displacement of Czech population under Nazis in 1938 and 1943
Radio Praha

The Munich Crisis
Radio Days
Audio Downloads of Radio Broadcasts

Hitler Signs the Munich Agreement (September 30, 1938)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)

Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler’s Joint Resolution “Never to Go to War with One Another Again” (September 30, 1938)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)

Neville Chamberlain
World War II Database

British Reaction to the Munich Crisis

Crisis over Czechoslovakia:
March – September 1938
Department of Modern History, University of St Andrews
Collection of key documents and other materials relating to the “Munich crisis” of 1938.

Neville Chamberlain’s “Peace For Our Time” speech

Neville Chamberlain
“Peace for Our Time,” September 30, 1938
Britannia Historical Documents

Leading article in The Times, 7 September 1938
The Times newspaper in London, widely regarded abroad as the mouthpiece of the British Government, published a leading article advocating the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany.

YouTube Video
Neville Chamberlain – Peace in our Time

YouTube Video:
Hitler and Chamberlain: The Munich Crisis 1938



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