Molotov-Ribentropp Pact

molotov ribentroppThe Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – unofficially named the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact – was signed in Moscow late on 23rd August 1939. The abbreviation is named after the Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov and the Nazi German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. The Treaty was signed to secure a promise between the two nations of non-belligerence against each other, and also that both nations would not support or ally with an enemy of the other. In addition to the terms regarding non-aggression, the Treaty contained a secret protocol dividing the territories of Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Estonia and Finland into separate Nazi and Soviet ‘spheres of influences’ should the time come for ‘territorial and political rearrangements’ of these territories.

Just over a week later, Germany did indeed invade one of these territories, Poland, sparking the beginning of the war. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was broken by the Germans when they invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941.

Stalin’s Pact With Hitler
WWII Behind Closed Doors
PBS

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
New World Encyclopedia

Non-Aggression Pact between Germany and the USSR (Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact)
RiaNovostni

Molotov-Ribbentrop: The Night Stalin And Hitler Redrew The Map Of Europe
Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
History Wars Weapons

Pact That Set the Scene for War
BBC News

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
World War II Database

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine

THE MOLOTOV-RIBBENTROP PACT OF 1939:
LEGAL AND POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES
LITUANUS
LITHUANIAN QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES

World War II in the Baltic
Detailed discussion of German and Russian occupations of the area, with maps

Modern views on the Nazi-Soviet pact
BBC News

Viewpoint: The Nazi-Soviet Pact
BBC News

Pact that set the Scene for War
BBC News

Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
Wikipedia

Timeline of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
Wikipedia

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
The Secret Protocols, Articles I and II
Details of Articles I and II, with maps and copies of original documents

Nazi-Soviet Relations 1939-1941
The Avalon Project
Lillian Goldman Law Library
Yale Law School
Links to Original Documents, including correspondence and amendments

Treaty of Nonaggression Between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
The Avalon Project
Lillian Goldman Law Library
Yale Law School

Treaty of Nonaggression Between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
The Avalon Project
Lillian Goldman Law Library
Yale Law School
Text of treaty

THE MOLOTOV-RIBBENTROP PACT: THE DOCUMENTS
LITHUANIAN QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
Volume 35, No.1 – Spring 1989
Analysis and text of treaty, with copies of original documents

Photo: Signing of the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Treaty (August 23, 1939)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)

Photo and Text:
Joachim von Ribbentrop after the Conclusion of the German-British Naval Treaty in London (June 18, 1935)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)

 

 

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