Evian Conference

evian confIn July 1938, American President Franklin D. Roosevelt convened the Évian Conference in response to the increasing number of Jewish refugees trying to flee the Nazis’ murderous persecution. Roosevelt hoped that other nations in attendance would permit more refugees to cross their borders – even though America itself had strict quotas on the number of Jewish refugees it would allow into the country. Representatives from 32 countries, 39 private organisations and 24 voluntary organisations met in Évian-les-Bains, France, for eight days to discuss the issue.

The only representative of a Jewish constituency, Golda Meir of Palestine, was invited but was not allowed to speak or participate in the conference as anything other than an observer. News of the Conference gave the Jews of Austria and Germany a false hope that the countries involved would indeed increase their intake of Jewish refugees. Even Hitler responded to the convention by declaring that if other countries would take the Jews, he would help them leave. Sadly, however, the Conference proved to be a failure. Both America and Britain refused to take any more Jewish refugees; most other countries represented at the Conference followed suit. The doors out of the German Reich remained locked to the Jews; they were left to face more persecution, restrictions and, eventually, mass murder.

THE EVIAN CONFERENCE
United States Holocaust Memorial and Museum

Decisions taken at the Evian Conference on Jewish Refugees, July 1938
(The Intergovernmental Committee)
Adopted by the Committee on July 14th, 1938
Yad Vashem

PDF:
Evian Conference
Yad Vashem

The Evian Conference
Fight Hatred
Jabotinsky International Center

Emigration and the Evian Conference
United States Holocaust Memorial and Museum

PDF:
The Jewish Trail of Tears The Evian Conference of July 1938
Dennis Ross Laffer
University of South Florida

The Evian Conference
About.com

Minutes of Meeting: Evian Conference
SECOND MEETING (PUBLIC)
Held on Thursday, July Jth, 1938, at 3.30 p.m.
History Central

Evian Conference
Zionism and Israel – Encyclopedic Dictionary
Includes Resolutions of the Conference

The Evian Conference
The Holocaust Explained

Evian: The Most Fateful Conference of All Times in Jewish History
CerthiPlethi
Includes first-hand account of the German occupation of Austria and the effect on the local Jewish population

Decisions Taken at the
Evian Conference On Jewish Refugees
(July 14, 1938)
Jewish Virtual Library

PDF:
Evian: The Most Fateful Conference of All Times in Jewish History

Evian Conference – Failure of the International Community


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