Dismemberment of Czechoslovakia
On 15th March 1939, German troops marched beyond their newly-acquired territory in the Sudetenland into Czechoslovakia proper. The invasion meant that Czechoslovakia ceased to exist; it was divided into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and the new Slovak State. Most of the territory was joined to the German Reich, but other parts had also been annexed by Poland and Hungary.
It was clear that any ideas of appeasement between Hitler and those who had signed the Munich Agreement had failed. Not only had Hitler not kept his promise about not invading any other European countries, but he had also taken over a country whereby many areas were not occupied by ethnic Germans. It suggested that Hitler wasn’t just looking to create a Greater German Reich, but was more interested in territorial gain for the Reich. On 17th March, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain gave a speech stating that, after the breach of the Munich Agreement, he could no longer trust Hitler not to invade any other countries. Furthermore, fears began to grow that Hitler would next look to invade Poland, another neighbour of Germany. Chamberlin stated, on 31st March, that Britain would defend Poland should Germany invade.