Deportation of 430,000 Hungarian Jews
There is no doubt that Hungarian leader Miklos Horthy and his fascist, dictatorial government was a virulently anti-Semitic leadership; heavy anti-Semitic legislation had been passed in the country, and 100,000 Jewish men were sent into forced labour. Of this number, around 40,000 died. Furthermore, when Hungary joined forces with Germany in the war, they expelled all Jews living in the country who held Polish or Soviet citizenship; most of these were murdered at the hands of the Nazis.
When Hitler called upon Horthy to start deporting Hungarian Jews, however, he was reluctant. Eventually, in March 1944, the Nazis invaded Hungary, and Horthy began to consider Hitler’s demands. By this time more than 800,000 Jews were living in Hungary, due to annexations of regions from Slovakia, Yugoslavia and Romania. Horthy finally agreed to allow the Jews of Hungary to be deported, and transports began leaving the country on 15 May 1944. Over the course of eight weeks, some 437,000 Jews were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau; most were selected for the gas chamber upon arrival. Deportations were only halted on 9 July 1944 because of international pressure after the emergence of the Vrba-Wetzler/Auschwitz Report. Around 565,000 Hungarian Jews were murdered during the Holocaust.
Hungarian Jews deported to Auschwitz
Aktion Reinhard Camps
Hungary After the German Occupation
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
THE GERMAN INVASION OF HUNGARY
Hungarian Jews in Auschwitz-Birkenau
Social Conflicts Project
Rabbi Announces Deportation of Hungarian Jewry
Jewish Virtual Library
Walls, Marks, Destinies – Deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz
Holocaust Memorial Center – Hungary