Book Burnings

book burningsIn May and June 1933, a number of book burnings took place in Germany, organised by the German Student Union. The aim was to ceremonially burn books that were considered to be ‘un-German’; books written by Jewish, anarchist, socialist and communist writers, amongst others, were to be destroyed, as were any other books deemed to be in contrast to the Nazi Party and its beliefs.
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Most of these book burnings took place on  May 10th; some burnings were postponed due to poor weather, and others were organised for June 21st, the summer solstice. On this first night, however, more than 25,000 books were consigned to the flames in various towns and cities across Germany. Volumes by German-speaking authors such as Bertolt Brecht, Sigmund Freud, Franz Kafka and Otto Dix were destroyed; other notable works by authors such as Ernest Hemingway, Fyodor Dostoyevksy, Leo Tolstoy and D. H. Lawrence were also burned.
In Berlin, a 40,000-strong crowd turned out to hear Joseph Goebbels speak about the end of “the era of extreme Jewish intellectualism” and other rousing pro-Nazi statements. In many university towns and cities, students conducted torch-lit parades ‘against the un-German spirit’; books were thrown into the flames accompanied by songs, incantations and great pomp and ceremony.
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Book Burning
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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1933 BOOK BURNINGS
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
An extensive list of links to web resources, articles, film and videos related to the book burnings
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Exhibition:
Fighting the Fires of Hate
America and the Nazi Book Burnings
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
An online exhibition featuring articles, images and stories related to the book burnings
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Exhibit: When Books Burn
University of Arizona Library
An online exhibit, including a timeline, list of banned books, source materials, and educational resources
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Nazi Book Burnings
Totally History
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The Book Burning, The Exiles, The American Public
Pen International
Symposium Exile U.S.A.
March 20-21, 1985
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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Library of Burned Books to Recall Nazi Barbarism
DW
An article describing a planned project by the Moses Mendelssohn Center for European-Jewish Studies in Potsdam in launching a “library of burned books
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Lists of Banned Books, 1932-1939
University of Arizona Library
A partial list of the over 4.100 books that were banned, as well as guidelines for books to be banned, and Nazi slogans
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List of authors banned during the Third Reich
Wikipedia
An alphabetical list of banned authors, with links to Wikipedia articles about each author
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58 Authors
America and the Nazi Book Burnings
List of 58 Authors Banned by the Nazis and Links to Additional Information
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Cultural incineration: 80 years since Nazi book burnings
DW
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Lesson Plans for Teachers, using the
When Books Burn Exhibit Website
University of Arizona Library
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The Burning of the Books in Nazi Germany, 1933:
The American Response
Museum of Tolerance Online
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IMMEDIATE AMERICAN RESPONSES TO THE NAZI BOOK BURNINGS
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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America and the Nazi Book Burnings
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars
Wikipedia
The Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars assisted scholars who were barred from teaching, persecuted and threatened with imprisonment by the Nazis
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Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records
1927-1949 [bulk 1933-1945]
New York Public Library
Archives and Manuscripts
Extensive records regarding grantees, institutions and correspondences
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The Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars has before it at the present time and application
Einstein Archives Online
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Bibliography:
1933 Book Burnings
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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German language:
Online publication of the list of writings banned by the Nazis
Online search of harmful and undesirable writings
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Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda
Wikipedia
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Image:
Against the Un-German Spirit: Book-Burning Ceremony in Berlin (Image 1) (May 10, 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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BOOK BURNING — HISTORICAL FILM FOOTAGE
BOOKS BURN AS GOEBBELS SPEAKS
UNITED STATES HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL MUSEUM
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