Between 19-30 April 1943, an international conference between Britain and America took place in Hamilton, Bermuda. The main questions to be discussed were what to do with Jewish refugees who had already been liberated by Allied forces, and what could be done for those Jews still under Nazi occupation in Europe. Ultimately, no resolution to these questions were found; US immigration quotas remained unchanged and the British did not seek to lift the prohibition on Jewish refugees seeking asylum in the British Mandate of Palestine. The only conclusion made at the conference was that the war simply must be won against the Nazis.
Understandably, Jewish groups were outraged at the lack of solution. The American Zionist Committee for a Jewish Army posted an advertisement in The New York Times in May 1943, accusing the Bermuda Conference for being a mockery of past promises given to the Jews and those still in Nazi-occupied Europe. Furthermore, Szmul Zygielbojm, a Jewish advisor to the Polish government-in-exile in London, committed suicide in protest at what he perceived as both countries’ failings to help save more Jewish lives.
Jewish Virtual Library
The Allies’ Refugee Conference–A “Cruel Mockery”
The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies