Anti-Jewish Boycotts

boycottantisemiticOn April 1st 1933, the Nazis held their first nationwide anti-Jewish protests. This boycott of Jewish businesses was a response to a boycott of German goods by many European Jews, as a symbol of resistance against the Nazis’ policies.
Since March of the same year, Nazi and SA presence had increased in Germany, particularly after the Nazis had won a larger amount of seats in the Reichstag and Hitler had presented the Enabling Act. Harassment and violence against Jews was already occurring, but the boycott of 1st April cemented the Nazis’ virulent anti-Jewish stance.
 Many Jewish shop owners woke to find the windows of their establishments painted with Stars of David, the word ‘Jude’ (German for ‘Jew) and anti-Semitic phrases.
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SA men stood outside Jewish shops and businesses, many holding signs displaying slogans such as ‘Kauf nicht bei Juden!’ (‘Don’t buy from Jews!’) and ‘Die Juden sind unser Unglück!’ (‘The Jews are our misfortune!’). Attacks on individual Jews and their property also took place.
Many Germans did not, however, pay attention to the boycotts. Those customers who defiantly tried to enter Jewish shops were taunted and often verbally abused by Nazis and their supporters outside. Furthermore, numerous Jewish veterans of the First World War stood outside their businesses wearing their medals from 1914, eliciting more sympathy from non-Jewish Germans.
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Boycott of Jewish Businesses
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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Boycott of Jewish Businesses
The History Place
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Organization of the Anti-Jewish Boycott of April 1, 1933 – Instructions Given by the National-Socialist Party
Yad Vashem
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On This Day: Hitler Calls for Boycott of Jewish Businesses
Finding Dulcinea
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Joseph Goebbels Calls for a Boycott of Jewish Businesses (April 1, 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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From Goebbel’s Diary on the Boycott
Yad Vashem
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Instructions Issued by the NSDAP in Connection with the
Organisation of a Boycott of Jewish Shops and Businesses
University of the West of England
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Victor Klemperer’s Diary Entry on the Impending Boycott of Jewish Businesses (March 31, 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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SA Members in Front of the Tietz Department Store in Berlin (April 1, 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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Himmler Announces the Closure of a Jewish Shop in Munich – the Proprietor had been Transported to Dachau (May/June 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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Photo: SA Members in Front of the Tietz Department Store in Berlin (April 1, 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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Photo: Himmler Announces the Closure of a Jewish Shop in Munich – the Proprietor had been Transported to Dachau (May/June 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
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