Pope Pius XII

Pius XII no 2Eugenio Pacelli was elected Pope on March 2, 1939, and took the name Pius XII. His role in the history of the Holocaust remains controversial and divisive. It has been claimed that he kept silent about the Nazi atrocities during World War II, when he could have made a very real difference by publicly condemning them. Some claim he was over-obsessed with the threat of communism and saw Nazism as a lesser evil in the larger picture of the history of the 20th century; others claim that he saved thousands of Jewish lives in secret at great personal cost; while still others claim that his admiration for German culture, his theological rejection of Judaism, and his authoritarian approach to the papacy combined to make him sympathetic on some level to Nazism.

For much of the war, Pacelli maintained a public front of indifference and remained silent while German atrocities were committed.

He refused pleas for help on the grounds of neutrality, while making statements condemning injustices in general. Privately, he sheltered a small number of Jews and spoke to a few select officials, encouraging them to help the Jews. The controversy has been exacerbated by the ongoing reluctance of the Vatican to release the complete historical documents and records related to the tenure of Pius XII and the Vatican during this dark period of their history.

Pope Pius XII & the Holocaust
Jewish Virtual Library

Reassessing Pope Pius XII’s Attitudes toward the Holocaust
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs

The Vatican & the Holocaust:
The Controversy over the Alleged Silence of Pope Pius XII in World War II
Jewish Virtual Library

PIUS XII AND THE HOLOCAUST, A READER
The Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights

The Vatican & the Holocaust:
A Question of Judgment – Pius XII & the Jews
Jewish Virtual Library

MIT BRENNENDER SORGE
ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS XI ON THE CHURCH AND THE GERMAN REICH TO THE VENERABLE BRETHREN
THE ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS OF GERMANY AND OTHER ORDINARIES IN PEACE AND COMMUNION WITH THE APOSTOLIC SEE.

Pius XII, concordat negotiator and Holocaust pope
Concordat Watch

Pope Pius XII and the Jews
List of extensive links about the role of Pius XII during WWII, mostly promoting the position that Pius II was not silent during the Holocaust and worked to help the Jews

Pope Pius XII, Hitler’s pawn?
The Times Literary Supplement

Wartime Pope Pius XII ‘more concerned about Communism than Holocaust’
The Telegraph

Pius XII and Anti-Communism
Global Security

Pius XII and the Holocaust
Yad Vashem

Pius XII: Saint or Sinner?
A review of Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII by John Cornwell
Jewish Virtual Library

Pius XII
Assessment
Encyclopedia Britannica’s Reflections on the Holocaust

Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust
Wikipedia

Pope Pius XII and Judaism
Wikipedia

Pius XII and the German Resistance
Wikipedia

Pope Pius XII and Yad Vashem
Wikipedia

Foundation seeks place of honor for Pope Pius XII at Yad Vashem
Catholic News Service

Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial softens stance on Pius XII
Haaretz

PIUS XII and the Holocaust
Jonathan Gorsky
Shoah Resource Center
Yad Vashem

Pius XII
Additional Reading
Encyclopedia Britannica’s Reflections on the Holocaust

How Pius XII Protected Jews
Catholic Answers

Pope Pius XII and the Jews
Catholic Education Resource Center

The Record of Pius XII’s Opposition to Hitler
Catholic Culture

The Internal Order of States and People
Pope Pius XII’s Christmas Message of 1942.
Papal Encylicals Online

Link to Book:
A Cross Too Heavy: Pope Pius XII and the Jews of Europe
Paul O’Shea
Amazon

Book Review :
A Cross Too Heavy: Eugenio Pacelli. Politics and the Jews of Europe 1917-1943
John T. Pawlikowski
Project Muse

The Record of Pius XII’s Opposition to Hitler
Catholic Culture

Pope Pius Xii Refused to Intervene for Jews Under Nazis, U.S. Reveals
JTA

What the Vatican Archives Really Say About Pius XII
New Oxford Book Reviews

Link to book:
Pius XII and the Third Reich by Saul Friedländer
JStor

The Meeting between Pope Pius XII and Ribbentrop
Canadian Catholic Historical Association

Goldhagen v. Pius XII
Catholic Education Resource Center

Winning the War over Pius XII
Inside the Vatican

“The Pope’s Jews”: The Unknown Story of Pius XII in World War II
Inside the Vatican

Power politics swayed Vatican dealings with Nazis
National Catholic Reporter

Why Pope Pius XII chose impartiality over condemnation of the Nazis
National Post

Full text of “WARTIME CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AND POPE PIUS XII”
Internet Archive

DIPLOMATIC FILES: Correspondence with the Vatican 1939
From: F. D. Roosevelt Library & Digital Archives – http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/
FONDAZIONE CENTRO DI DOCUMENTAZIONE EBRAICA CONTEMPORANEA

Venerable Pius XII? The Vatican’s disappointing decision
The Telegraph

Jewish leaders condemn Vatican’s plan to venerate Pope Pius XII
CNN World

Hitler’s Pope
Wikipedia
Article about the book, Hitler’s Pope, by John Cornwell

The Myth of Hitler’s Pope
Wikipedia

Share Button

We will be adding new content all the time.

  • List Item #1
  • List Item #2
  • List Item #3

Keep up to date by signing up now.