Police in Nazi Germany

policeThe police were a central instrument of rule for the Nazi regime. The regime could count on the police from its beginnings on up to its downfall. Not only the Gestapo, but also all other branches of the German police took part in the terror against the political and ideological opponents of the Nazi state. This began within the German Reich and then spread to all the territories overrun by the Wehrmacht after the outbreak of the war in 1939. Eastern Europe in particular was the scene of massive crimes committed by the German police against the civilian populations. The police played a decisive role in the murder of European Jews, but also in the persecution of resistance groups fighting against the Nazi occupation regimes and in the abduction of civilians to be used as forced labour in German wartime industry. These crimes were carried out by policemen who for the most part had been socialized and trained in the Weimar Republic, a democratic and constitutional state.

The Criminal Police systematically persecuted ‘habitual criminals’ and persons stigmatised as ‘antisocial elements’ (such as the homeless, people who received welfare or prostitutes). It promoted the marginalisation of homosexuals and organised the racial registration and deportation of ‘gypsies’ (Sinti and Roma). Police officers were authorised to indefinitely intern convicted criminals or members of social minorities in concentration camps despite lack of tangible evidence against them and without following due process.Only a few of them had to answer for their crimes in a court of law after 1945. Many of the police involved were able to continue their careers in the police service in the Federal Republic of Germany after the end of World War II.

GERMAN POLICE IN THE NAZI STATE
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

GERMAN POLICE: FROM WEIMAR REPUBLIC TO NAZI DICTATORSHIP
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Order and Annihilation – The Police and the Nazi Regime
An exhibition of the German Police University and the German Historical Museum
German Historical Museum

The Radicalization of the Police during the War
German Historical Museum

Boundless Murder
German Historical Museum

“Order and Annihilation” exhibition reveals link between Germany’s police force and the Nazi regime
World Socialist Web Site

Nazi Police Organizations
Eureka

German Police in the Nazi State
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Nazi Law and Order
Alpha History

BACKGROUND: ARRESTS WITHOUT WARRANT OR JUDICIAL REVIEW
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

TRANSLATION: ARRESTS WITHOUT WARRANT OR JUDICIAL REVIEW
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Ordnungspolizei / Order Police
Wikipedia

Kriminalpolizei / Criminal Police “Kripo”
Wikipedia

Sicherheitspolizei “SIPO” / Security Police
Wikpedia

Reserve Police Battalion 101
Jewish Virtual Library

Reserve Police Battalion 101
Wikipedia

Police Battalion 101 in Poland
Holocaust Education & Archive Team

Book Review:
Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland
The Red Phoenix

Nazi law and order
Alpha History

Hitler and the Law, 1920-1945
History Today

 

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