Photo credits

Background Photograph
Auschwitz Camp
Thank you to Dan Thompson for his kind permission to use his photograph, from his site:
-http://www.danandholly.com/

Background & Historical Context:

Background & Context / Historical European anti-Semitism
A poster in Dutch advertising the film, “The Eternal Jew”
Yad Vashem Photo Archive – Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, Hebrew Edition 1990 –
Archival Signature 4612/855

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events
A Nazi anti-Semitic cartoon, circa 1938—
Churchill as an octopus with a Star of David over its head has its tentacles encompassing a globe.
By Seppla (Josef Plank)
Credit : Library of Congress, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives. Date: Circa 1938

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / The Spanish Inquisition
Spanish Inquisition torture chamber
Joseph Smith Academy – InsipraWiki
-http://www.josephsmithacademy.org/wiki/spanish-inquisition/

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / The Crusades
Burning of Jews during the Crusades
-http://aiathemiddleages.blogspot.ca/2008/03/anti-jewish-myths.html

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / Jews as Killers of Jesus
Pilate washes his hands, passing the guilt of Christ’s death to the Jews
-http://www.traditioninaction.org/HotTopics/a084ht_Deicide.htm

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / Jewish People Blamed for the Black Death
During the time of the plague which was also known as Black Death many people believed that the Jews were responsible for this. Jews were accused of poisoning wells and were tortured to confess.
-http://madamepickwickartblog.com/2011/03/black-plague-neurotic-gloom-no-belief-no-deny/

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / Pogroms
Jews fleeing a Russian Pogrom attack
SF Gate – The Ross Report
-http://blog.sfgate.com/foreigndesk/2006/10/06/the-return-of-russian-pogroms/

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / The Blood Libel Myth & Trials
Ritual murder of a Gentile Child by Jews
Wikipedia
-http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ritualmord-Legende.jpg

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / International Jewish Conspiracy
Baron Rothschild as an octopus, with tentacles wrapped around and controlling the world

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
Cover of a text of The Protocols in Russian
Paranoid American
-http://paranoidamerican.com/blog/comics-conspiracies-protocols-of-the-elders-of-zion-and-will-eisner/

Background & Context / Examples of Anti-Semitic Myths and Events / The Dreyfus Affair
Cover of the anti-Semitic publication “La Libre Parole” with a caricature of Dreyfus on the cover
Exhibit at the Sydney Jewish Museum
-http://www.sydneyjewishmuseum.com.au/Exhibitions/Past-Exhibitions/J-Accuse—The-Dreyfus-Affair/default.aspx

Background & Context / Emancipation of the Jews of Europe
A painting from 1806 depicting Napoleon as emancipator of the Jewish people
Seraphic Secret
-http://www.seraphicpress.com/napoleon-the-jews-and-tisha-bav/

Background & Context / Timeline of the Holocaust
Holocaust Memorial Day wall chart
University and College Union
-http://www.ucu.org.uk/media/pdf/1/l/Holocaust_Wall_Chart.pdf

Background & Context / General Information About the Holocaust
“Holocaust” inscribed in granite
©iStockphoto.com/Dan Moore

Timeline / Treaty of Versailles
The Signing of the Peace Treaty in the Hall of Mirrors, Versailles, 28 June 1919, by Sir William Orpen
Photo: AKJ IMAGES/IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM

Timeline / Weimar Republic
Contrasts: Economic hardships VRS Cultural experimentation
Facing History and Ourselves
-https://www.facinghistory.org/weima

Weimar Republic: General Information & Background
Weimar Republic: Culture
Expressionist art offers examples of the uncanny “second sight”: Beckmann pictures the Frankfurt synagogue in 1919 with its wall slanting as if they might topple at any moment.
-http://madamepickwickartblog.com/2010/11/weimar-republic-and-the-uncanny-second-sight/

Weimar Republic: Elections & Political Context
Campaigning in Weimar Germany
-http://theibtaurisblog.com/2013/05/08/more-than-a-cabaret/

Weimar Republic: Inflation & Economics
A 50 million mark bill from the days of the German depression.
Reichbanksdirektorium, Germany
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:50_millionen_mark_1_september_1923.jpg

Timeline / Beer Hall Putsch
Adolph Hitler, president of the far-right Nazi Party, launches the Beer Hall Putsch, his first attempt at seizing control of the German government.
-http://www.ithacaowners.com/viewtopic.php?f=59&t=208&start=60

Timeline / Reichstag Fire
Reichstag Fire
WarOnHistory.com

Timeline / Enabling Act
Adolf Hitler at the Lectern in the Kroll Opera House on the Occasion of the Extension of the “Enabling Act” (January 30, 1937)
German History in Documents and Images
-http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_image.cfm?image_id=1887

Timeline / Dachau Concentration Camp Established
View of the Dachau moat & fence
Holocaust Research Project
-http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/othercamps/dachau.html

Timeline / Anti-Jewish Boycotts
Jewish store front spray-painted with “Jude”
-http://daphneanson.blogspot.ca/2011/08/how-sweet-it-was-brisbane-anti-semitic.html

Timeline / Law for the Restoration of the Professional Service
German Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service from 7 April 1933, full text on German Wikisource.
Reichsgesetzblatt I 1933 S. 175, Scan Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (Austrian National Library)

Timeline / Book burnings
Students burning books
Picture-alliance / George Goebel

Timeline / The Night of the Long Knives
Aftermath – the evident supremacy of the SS – Hitler with Sepp Dietrich (left) and Heinrich Himmler in April 1937.
The History Place
-http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/triumph/tr-roehm.htm

Timeline / Nuremburg Race Laws
Chart to describe Nuremberg Laws, 1935
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

Timeline / Berlin Olympic Games
Jesse Owens performs the long jump at the Berlin Olympics
German Federal Archives ”Bild 183-R96374″

Timeline / Anschluss
Austrian woman crying as the Nazis enter Vienna
-http://ded-vasilij.livejournal.com/371465.html

Timeline / Evian Conference
Fritz Hirschberger: Sur-Rational Paintings
The Last Supper at Evian or the Fish Stinks First from the Head
-http://www.chgs.umn.edu/museum/exhibitions/surrational/

Timeline / Munich Agreement
Neville Chamberlain making his ‘peace in our time’ speech after meeting Hitler in 1938.
Photograph: Central Press/Hulton Archive

Timeline / Kristallnacht
PBS Newshour
-http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/lessons_plans/kristallnacht-75-years-later-lesson-plan/

Timeline: Important Events & Milestones / Kristallnacht / Kristallnacht: Background & General Information
The interior of the Fasanenstrasse Synagogue in Berlin after Kristallnacht
Location Nazi Germany and Austria (then part of Germany)
Date 9–10 November 1938
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristallnacht

Timeline: Important Events & Milestones / Kristallnacht /Expulsion of Jews to Poland
Polish Jews expelled from Germany in late October 1938. For documentary purposes the German Federal Archive often retained the original image captions, which may be erroneous, biased, obsolete or politically extreme. Ausweisung d. poln. Juden aus Nbg. Freitag d. 28. Okt. 1938 H. Großberger, NürnbergBildarchiv Franken
German Federal Archive
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristallnacht

&nbsp:
Timeline: Important Events & Milestones / Kristallnacht /Herschel Grynszpan
-http://evelyn.smyck.org/2011/02/21/herschel-grynszpan/

&nbsp:
Timeline: Important Events & Milestones / Kristallnacht /Synagogues Destroyed
-http://www.dw.de/new-synagogue-opens-in-german-town-after-70-years/a-5353562
An illustration depicting a synagogue in Germany in flames on Kristallnacht. 267 Synagogues and thousands of homes and shops were destroyed

&nbsp:
Timeline: Important Events & Milestones / Kristallnacht /Insurance Payments
-http://servv89pn0aj.sn.sourcedns.com/~gbpprorg/judicial-inc/91krystallnacht_arrests.htm
Cincinatti Enquirer
Nov 13 1938

Timeline / Kindertransport
Jewish Children arriving in England
http://www.ccj.org.uk/Articles/348872/The_Council_of/Branches/Bournemouth/Kindertransport.aspx

Timeline / Dismemberment of Czechoslovakia
German troops hold a military parade in Prague’s Wenceslas Square, March 19, 1939.
(photo credit : AP)

Timeline / Voyage of the St. Louis
A postcard of the SS St. Louis. May 1939.
US Holocaust Memorial Museum
-http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007701

Timeline / Voyage of the St. Louis / Background

On this day the MS St. Louis, a ship captained by a German humanist and carrying 963 Jewish refugees, was denied permission to land in Florida, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, many of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps
(US Holocaust Museum / The Whole Megillah /Immigration.ca)
-http://sophrosyne.radical.r30.net/wordpress/?p=5860

Timeline / Voyage of the St. Louis / Passengers

Jewish refugees aboard the MS St. Louis while the ship was docked in the port of Havana.
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS_St._Louis#mediaviewer/File:StLouisPorthole.jpg

Timeline / Voyage of the St. Louis / Captain Schroeder

Capt. Gustav Schroeder
-http://paperpen.com/heritage/350/look/look2.htm
Voyage to Doom
Heritage Vision

Timeline / Molotov – Ribentropp Pact
Mucha” weekly, Warsaw: “The Prussian Tribute in Moscow”.
Satire of the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact.
Cartoon printed on September 8th 1939
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mucha_8_Wrzesien_1939_Warszawa.jpg

Timeline / Invasion of Poland
German Soldiers Dismantle a Polish Border Barrier (September 1, 1939)
© Bildarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz / Heinrich Hoffmann
German History in Documents and Images
-http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_image.cfm?image_id=2001

Timeline / Establishment of first ghetto in Poland = Piotrkow
Artist rendering of the square in Piotrkow Trybunalski
Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team
-http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/nazioccupation/piotrkow.html

Timeline / Armband Becomes Mandatory for Jews in Poland
“Jude” armband
-http://kosherdelight.com/Holocaust_Yellow_Star.shtml

Timeline / Operation Barbarossa
Three German soldiers covered in snow and ice during winter on the Eastern front
Photograph: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Timeline / Einsatzgruppen
Famous photo of Jew being shot by Einsatzgruppen soldiern
-https://furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/05/

Timeline / Einsatzgruppen / General Information
Jewish women before their execution in Liepeja, Latvia.
History in Images
-http://historyimages.blogspot.in/2012/03/einsatzgruppen-nazi-killing-squads.html

Timeline / Einsatzgruppen / Organization & People
Organization of the Einsatzgruppen
Organizational Chart of the Reich Security Main Office and the Einsatzgruppen
Nizkor Project
-http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/orgs/german/einsatzgruppen/esg/mt/oc.html

Timeline / Einsatzgruppen / Directives & Documents
-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinhard_Heydrich#mediaviewer/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_152-50-10,_Reinhard_Heydrich.jpg
Bundesarchiv Bild 152-50-10, Reinhard Heydrich
German Federal Archive

Timeline / Einsatzgruppen /Babi Yar
Babi Yar
Arbit Blatas’s original lithograph, “Babi Yar” was probably created around 1979 when the artist was commissioned to create drawings for the nine-part television series entitled, “Holocaust”. It depicts, of course, one of the blackest and most barbarous episodes of Nazi war crimes.
-http://www.artoftheprint.com/artistpages/blatas_arbit_babi_yar.htm

Timeline / Zyklon-B used for 1st time to murder Russian prisoners at Auschwitz
Canister of Zyklon B produced by DEGESCH
-http://www.whale.to/b/widmann1.html

Timeline / Death by Gas Vans Begins in Chelmno
Chelmno: photo of Jews taken just before their being sent to the gas chamber.
-http://www.jewishgen.org/forgottencamps/camps/chelmnoeng.html

Timeline / Wannsee Conference
Wannsee Mansion
Richard Brenneman
-https://richardbrenneman.wordpress.com/2012/01/20/a-day-that-will-live-in-infamy-20-january-1942/

Timeline / 1st Selection of Weak and Unfit for Gassing at Auschwitz
Jews undergoing the selection process on the Birkenau arrival platform known as the “ramp.”
Holocaust Survivors and Remembrance Project
-http://isurvived.org/AUSCHWITZ_TheCamp.html

Timeline / Jan Karski meets British and US leaders
The algemeiner
Screenshot from the book: “Karski: How One Man Tried to Stop the Holocaust”
– http://www.algemeiner.com/2014/04/18/jan-karski-an-authentic-hero/karski_cover-med/

Timeline / Vrba Wetzler / Auschwitz Report
-http://www.levandehistoria.se/fakta-om-forintelsen/forintelsen/vad-visste-omvarlden/auschwitzprotokollet
Two Slovak Jews who escaped made a sketch of the Auschwitz-Birkenau
Photo: U.S. War Refugee Board

Timeline / 430,000 Hungarian Jews Deported

Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-680-8285A-08, Budapest, Festnahme von Juden
Captured Jewish women in Wesselényi Street, 20–22 October 1944
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Responsibility_for_the_Holocaust#mediaviewer/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_101I-680-8285A-08,_Budapest,_Festnahme_von_Juden.jpg

Timeline / Death Marches – Buchenwald

Death March from Camp Gleiwitz I to Camp Blechhammer’, a painting by David Friedmann (1947). Friedmann was a survivor of the Lodz Ghetto, Gleiwitz I (a sub-camp of the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex) and the death march. The artist depicts himself as the prisoner with the glasses and wrote: “I was unable to walk and would never have reached the camp were it not for the French Doctor Orenstein and two other friends who helped me alternately. A few days later, we were liberated there by the Russians.”
Copyright © 1989 Miriam Friedman Morris, 
All Rights Reserved

Timeline / U.S. Troops Liberate Buchenwald
Buchenwald, Germany, picture of Yosef Gutman after liberation, with an American soldier, William Best, who adopted him.
Belongs to collection: Yad Vashem Photo Archive
Origin: לא ידוע
Credit: Yad Vashem
Name of submitter: לא ידוע
Archival Signature: 6966
-http://collections.yadvashem.org/photosarchive/en-us/4012775.html

Timeline / Soviet Troops Liberate Auschwitz-Birkenau
Soviet troops liberate the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp on January 27, 1945.
Photo credit: Meczenstwo Walka, Zaglada Zydów Polsce 1939-1945. Poland. No. 538.

Timeline / German Military Surrender
Germans surrender in Paris – August 25, 1944
-http://www.kingsacademy.com/mhodges/03_The-World-since-1900/07_World-War-Two/07h_The-Western-Front-r.htm

Timeline / Displaced Persons Camps
Hot food is served at the displaced persons camp on Arzbergerstrasse. Vienna, Austria, March 1946.
National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Md.
-http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005418&MediaId=2234

Timeline / Nuremburg Trials and Verdicts / General Information
Hermann Göring at the Nuremberg Trials
DATE OF CREATION: 1946 AD
-http://www.museumsyndicate.com/item.php?item=56554

Timeline / Nuremburg Trials and Verdicts / Documents & Records

View of the mimeograph room at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg after the transcripts on the sentencing of the defendants in the High Command Case had been run off – Stadtarchiv Nuernberg
-http://www.ushmm.org/information/exhibitions/museum-exhibitions/wexner-center

Timeline / Nuremburg Trials and Verdicts / People

Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University
United States Army Signal Corps photographer
22 November 1945
Nuremberg Trials defendants photographed in the dock, in two rows. Front row, left to right: Hermann Goering, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, and Alfred Rosenberg. Back row, left to right: Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, and Alfred Jodl. Gelatin silver process on paper. 28 x 35.4 cm. Image courtesy of the Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
-http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nuremberg_Trials_defendants_in_the_dock_1945.jpeg

Timeline / Nuremburg Trials and Verdicts / Evidence and the Case Against

COMBATING HOLOCAUST DENIAL: EVIDENCE OF THE HOLOCAUST PRESENTED AT NUREMBERG — PHOTOGRAPH
US Army staffers organizing stacks of German documents collected by war crimes investigators as evidence for the International Military Tribunal.
— National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Md.
-http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10007271&MediaId=5117

Timeline / Nuremburg Trials and Verdicts / Subsidiary Trials

I. G. Farben Defedndants
-http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/economics/igfarben.html

Timeline / Nuremberg Trials / Subsidiary and Related Trials / Dachau Trials

Location of Dachau Trials
-http://www.thebirdman.org/Index/Others/Others-Doc-Jews/+Doc-Jews-Holocaust-DebunkingLies&Liars/WannseeProtocol–AnatomyOfAFabrication—ScrollDown.htm

Timeline / Nuremberg Trials / Subsidiary and Related Trials / Auschwitz Trial

Cracow, Poland, The courtroom at the Auschwitz Trial
Belongs to collection: Yad Vashem Photo Archive
Places: KRAKOW,POLAND
POLAND
Credit: Yad Vashem
Archival Signature: 127GO2
– http://collections.yadvashem.org/photosarchive/en-us/53795.html

Timeline / Nuremberg Trials / Subsidiary and Related Trials / Doctors Trial

Vladislava Karolewska shows her leg scars at the Doctors’ trial.
https://owlspaceccm.rice.edu/access/content/user/ecy1/Nazi%20Human%20Experimentation/Pages/Bone%20Grafting.html

Timeline / Nuremberg Trials / Subsidiary and Related Trials / Einsatzgruppen Trial

On September 15, 1947, defendant Paul Blobel pleads not guilty during his arraignment at the Einsatzgruppen Trial. Blobel was the commanding officer of a German mobile killing unit and was responsible for the massacre at Babi Yar (near Kiev). He was convicted by the military tribunal at Nuremberg and sentenced to death. Blobel was hanged at the Landsberg prison on June 8, 1951.
— US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Benjamin Ferencz
-http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10007138&MediaId=5492

Timeline / Nuremberg Trials / Subsidiary and Related Trials / The Judges Trial

Benedict Wein, a priest, testifies for the prosecution at the Justice Trial
University of Kentucky Law School
-http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/justiceimages.htm

Timeline / Nuremberg Trials / Subsidiary and Related Trials / I.G. Farben Trial

Berlin N.W. 7 office of I.G. Farben
-http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/sociopol_igfarben04.htm

Ghettos:

Ghettos

‘In Lodz Ghetto, Poland, Some Found Food In Trash Containers’ (1967). An original etching by David Friedman, a survivor of the Lodz Ghetto. His original notes read: “People are looking for food in backyards, but if you were caught, you were shot. I was able to observe with my binoculars taken with me from Prague.” “Every Friday, one had to go to the food distribution centre and stand in a long line for many hours for the food rations. There would be fights because everyone wanted to be first.”
Copyright © 1989 Miriam Friedman Morris. All rights reserved.
http://www.theholocaustexplained.org/ks3/life-in-nazi-occupied-europe/ghettos-case-studies/life-within-the-ghetto/

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos / Warsaw Ghetto

A-Jewish-man-and-daughter-in-the-Warsaw-ghetto.jpg
http://israelseen.com/2013/04/06/antisemitism-matters-because-its-an-assault-on-humanity/a-jewish-man-and-daughter-in-the-warsaw-ghetto/

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos / Lodz Ghetto

A German postcard showing the entrance to the Lodz ghetto. The sign reads “Jewish residential area—entry forbidden.” Lodz, Poland, 1940-1941.
US Holocaust Memorial Museum
-http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005071

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos / Krakow Ghetto

Arched entrance to Kraków Ghetto, 1941
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krak%C3%B3w_Ghetto

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos / Vilna Ghetto

14 July 1944 [1]
Source קובץ:Covner3.gif
Author peut-être un résistant ou un sympathisant
free file of the Wiki of Israel
Abba Kovner with members of the FPO
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vilna_Ghetto#mediaviewer/File:Ghetto_Vilinus.gif

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos Terezin Ghetto

The original cast of the children’s opera Brundibar
http://www.kathykacer.com/kathy-kacer/

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos / Budapest Ghetto

Hungarian Jews with yellow stars, at the time of the liberation of the Budapest ghetto. Hungary, January 1945.
— Magyar Nemzeti Muzeum Torteneti Fenykeptar
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005264&MediaId=1694

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos / Lublin Ghetto

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-E13880, Polen, Ghetto Lublin, polnische Juden.jpg
Polish Jews in the Lublin Ghetto
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-E13880,_Polen,_Ghetto_Lublin,_polnische_Juden.jpg

Ghettos / Information on Specific Ghettos / Bialystok Ghetto

Deportation 1941
http://deathcamps.org/occupation/bialystok%20ghetto.html

Ghettos / General Information

Saying goodbye to children held at the Lodz ghetto prison before they were deported to Chelmno in Sept 1942
Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team

http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ghettos/grossman.html

Ghettos / Life in the Ghettos

Warsaw Ghetto, 1940 (Photo: Getty Images)
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4294162,00.html

Ghettos / Children in the Ghettos

Starving Children in the Warsaw Ghetto
Holocaust Memorial Trust
http://www.hmd.org.uk/resources/image-library/ghettos-and-deportation
Ghettos / Judenrat – Jewish Council

Kovno Ghetto, 1943. Members of the Judenrat, .
Left to Right: Avraham
Tory, head of the Secretariat; Leib Garfunkel, deputy chairman; Dr.
Elkhanan Elkes, chairman; Yakov Goldberg, head of the Labor Office;
Zvi Levin, advisor.
Credit : Avraham and Pnina Tory, Israel
http://www.eilatgordinlevitan.com/kovno/kovno_pages/kovno_old_scenes.html

Ghettos / Jewish Order Police

Jewish Warsaw Ghetto Police Arm Band, early 1940s.
Date 24 April 2012
Source – http://www.flickr.com/photos/woodysworld1778/6313448417/sizes/l/in/photostream/
Author woody1778a

 

 Culture in Nazi Germany:

Culture in Nazi Germany

Farm Family from Kahlenberg, 1939 by Adolf Wissel
http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/fll/german/enemy/Naziart/workart.html

Culture in Nazi Germany / Nazi Art & Culture Policy

Die Partei, Arno Breker’s statue representing the spirit of the Nazi Party
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_of_the_Third_Reich#mediaviewer/File:ArnoBrekerDiePartei.jpg

Culture in Nazi Germany / Nazi Art

Adolf Ziegler (1892-1959), The Four Elements: Fire (left wing), Earth and Water (center panel),
Air (right wing), 1937, Oil on canvas
Pinakothek der Moderne, Bayerische Staatsgemaeldesammlungen, Munich Photo credit: bpk, Berlin/Art Resource, NY

Culture in Nazi Germany / Degenerate Art

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938), A Group of Artists (The Painters of the Brücke), 1925-26 Oil on canvas
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Photo: © Rheinisches Bildarchiv Cologne

Culture in Nazi Germany / Nazi Art & Culture Policy

Die Partei, Arno Breker’s statue representing the spirit of the Nazi Party
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_of_the_Third_Reich#mediaviewer/File:ArnoBrekerDiePartei.jpg

Culture in Nazi Germany / Degenerate Art

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938), A Group of Artists (The Painters of the Brücke), 1925-26 Oil on canvas
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Photo: © Rheinisches Bildarchiv Cologne

Culture in Nazi Germany / Art of the Camps & Ghettos

David Olere
Unable to Work / Les inaptes au travail
131×162 cm, A Living Memorial to the Holocaust, New York.
Inability to work was often an immediate death sentence.
In the background of this painting, smoke rises from the crematorium to form the SS insignia. Of the one thousand Jews in the convoy that brought Olère to Auschwitz, 881 were immediately gassed. Only six of the 119 selected for work survived the War.
http://isurvived.org/TOC-VI.html

Culture in Nazi Germany / Nazis and Music

Nazi marching band
http://www.collativelearning.com/ACO%20chapter%2020%20.html

Culture in Nazi Germany / Collaboration of Musicians With the Nazis

The Berlin Philharmonic Performs for a Nazi Gathering
http://www.thekashmirwalla.com/2013/09/of-peace-and-propaganda/

Culture in Nazi Germany / Music of the Camps & Ghettos

Figure 2. A copy of the “The Peat Bog Soldiers” made by Hanns Kralik in the KZ Börgermoor 1933. After his release Günter Daus brought this copy outside the camp. Archive of Dokumentations- und Informationszentrum Emslandlager (Documentation and Information Center Emslandlager) in Papenburg, Germany, estate Günter Daus.
http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/mp/9460447.0001.102/–music-in-concentration-camps-1933-1945?rgn=main;view=fulltext

Culture in Nazi Germany / Theatre of the Camps & Ghettos

Warsaw Theater in the ghetto, during the war
Adolf Berman and Fani Abelman performing in a show in the Warsaw ghetto.
http://www.eilatgordinlevitan.com/warsaw/w_pages/warsaw_theater.html

 Business and the Holocaust

Business and the Holocaust / General

Old and young: The league table follows revelations earlier that Audi, which was known as Auto Union during the Nazi period, was a big exploiter of concentration camp supplied slave labor, using 20,000 concentration camp inmates, such as this young boy, in its factories
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2663635/Revealed-How-Nazis-helped-German-companies-Bosch-Mercedes-Deutsche-Bank-VW-VERY-rich-using-slave-labor.html

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies

Actual advertisement for Zyklon-B that was widely used in German pesticide literature to promote their product and its possible application

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / I.G. Farben

Political meeting at IG Farben.
Benjamin Grünfeld: Prisoners are beaten while working at the I.G. Auschwitz construction site
© Benjamin Grünfeld
http://www.wollheim-memorial.de/en/haeftlingsarbeitskommandos_

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Siemens

“The Waltz” by Felicie Mertens
http://chgs.umn.edu/museum/exhibitions/ravensbruck/slaveLabor.html

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Krupp

With this 1963 photo of German industrialist Alfried Krupp, a Nazi sympathizer and friend to Hitler, Arnold Newman says he “deliberately put a knife in Krupp’s back, visually.”
http://www.sandiegoreader.com/news/2013/aug/14/art-review-image-maker/#

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Porsche

Porsche with Adolf Hitler
http://dailycarblog.com/Industry-News-2014/IN-February-2014/Restoring-Ferdinand-Porches-Legacy.html

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Volkswagen

Early Volkswagen design sketches by Josef Ganz (1923)
Josef Ganz Project
http://www.ganz-volkswagen.org/biography/index.htm

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Daimler-Benz

Nazi Era Mercedes-BenzDuring the second World War, Daimler had links to Nazi Germany. Among other things, they’d supply officers, generals and even Hitler himself with vehicles. http://www.autofocus.ca/media-browser/10-car-ads-that-wouldn-t-work-today

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / BMW

Nazi prisoners were forced to work for the Quandt family during WWII
http://www.dw.de/german-industrialist-family-breaks-silence-over-nazi-ties/a-3530701

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Audi

Tank engines being assembled in an Auto Union factory, 1943.
http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2014/05/audi-shocked-by-study-on-slave-labor-during-nazi-era-that-finds-auto-union-morally-responsible-for-4500-deaths/

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Dr. Oetker

The company was happy to show how its pudding mixes supported the Nazi war effort
http://www.dw.de/another-german-company-reveals-its-nazi-past/a-17174930

Business and the Holocaust / German Companies / Hugo Boss

http://legendsrevealed.com/entertainment/2013/05/17/did-hugo-boss-really-make-uniforms-for-the-nazis/
Uniforms designed by Hugo Boss

Business and the Holocaust / American Companies / Ford Motor Company

Cover of the book: The International Jew, by Henry Ford
Business and the Holocaust / American Companies / IBM

IBM poster “See everything with Hollerith punchcards” 1934
http://www.adbranch.com/how-ibm-helped-automate-the-nazi-death-machine/

Business and the Holocaust / Financial System

20 Deutschmark note 3rd ReichPublic Domainview terms
Deutsche Reichsbank Berlin – German banknote –

Business and the Holocaust / Financial System / Allianz

Holocaust survivor protesting against Allianz

Business and the Holocaust / Financial System / Bank for International Settlements

Bank for International Settlements
http://flickrhivemind.net/User/simply%20Mo/Interesting

Business and the Holocaust / Financial System / Swiss Banks

A gold bar made by the Nazis out of gold seized from Jews during the Holocaust
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/124540.stm

Business and the Holocaust / Financial System / Bank of England

Bank of England
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/bank-of-england/10398922/Bank-of-England-hints-at-earlier-interest-rate-rise.html

 

 

Share Button

We will be adding new content all the time.

  • List Item #1
  • List Item #2
  • List Item #3

Keep up to date by signing up now.