Nazism

nazismThe rationale behind Nazism was heavily invested in the militarist belief that great nations grow from military power, which in turn grows “naturally” from “rational, civilized cultures.” Hitler’s calls appealed to disgruntled German Nationalists, eager to save face for the failure of World War I, and to salvage the militaristic nationalist mindset of that previous era. After Austria and Germany’s defeat of World War I, many Germans still had heartfelt ties to the goal of creating a greater Germany, and thought that the use of military force to achieve it was necessary.

Adolf Hitler, among many others, placed the blame for Germany’s misfortunes on those whom they perceived, in one way or another, to have sabotaged the goal of national victory. Jews and communists became the ideal scapegoats for Germans deeply invested in a German Nationalist ideology. Central to Hitler’s Nazi theory was the claim that the Aryan race is a master race, superior to all other races, and that a nation is the highest creation of a race; Great nations were the creation of great races. These nations developed cultures that naturally grew from races with “natural good health, and aggressive, intelligent, courageous traits.” The weakest nations, Hitler said were those of impure or mongrel races, because they have divided, quarrelling, and therefore weak cultures. Worst of all were seen to be the parasitic Untermensch (Subhumans), mainly Jews, but also Gypsies, homosexuals, disabled and so called anti-socials, all of whom were considered lebensunwertes Leben(Lifeunworthy Life) due to their perceived deficiency and inferiority.

Reichstag (Weimar Republic/National Socialism) 1918-1942
German Reischstag Session Reports
Session Proceedings of the Reichstag from the Treaty of Versailles to the begin of World War II:
A digitization project of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Original documents – German language

About Nazism

Nazi Economic Practice
About Nazism

The Era of National Socialism
Facts About Germany

Modern History Sourcebook:
The 25 Points 1920:
An Early Nazi Program
Fordham University

Nazi Ideology
About Nazism

National Socialism (1933 – 1945)
Deutscher Bundestag

A Culture of Fascism – Ideology as a Motive Force Behind German Support for the Nazi Regime
The Mendenhall

How can it be explained that Nazism made real, if partial, inroads into wider German Society? (by Joshua Arbury)
PublisHistory Blog

An interview with…
Daniel Pick on Nazism and Psychoanalysis
Five Books

Primary Source Links for Nazism During the Weimar Republic, 1919-1933
Links to Images

NS-Archiv: Dokumente zum Nationalsozialismus
Documentation of the National Socialist movement and dictatorship,
Including such sections as the path to power (including the Ermächtigungsgesetz), the war,medical experiments, persecution and the Shoah, among others.(1930 – 1945; facsimiles and German-language transcriptions)

Nuremberg Laws – “Laws for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor”.
(15 September 1935; facsimile of German original)

Nuremberg Laws
Designed for “the safeguard of German blood”.
(15 September 1935; facsimile of English translation)

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
The Pursuit of the Nazi Mind
Correspondence relating to Nazi psychology contained in John Franklin Carter Papers and Toland paper and Letter from Carter, referring to Arthur Upham Pope’s interview with ‘Putzi’ as a valuable source of ‘Nazi official psychology’

Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute
The Pursuit of the Nazi Mind
Reviews of Walter Langer Book re Hitler

New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute
The Pursuit of the Nazi Mind
Documents are taken from a report about conference on Germany after the war, run by joint committee on post-war planning, 1944. Meetings were held at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, May and June 1944.

Life Under Nazism
Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
University of Minnesota
Includes photo gallery of images produced by Nazi regime

Rational Fascists? –
Sociologist probes peoples’ motives for supporting the Nazi Party
By Ellen K. Coughlin
from The Chronicle of Higher Education
Literature of the Holocaust

Understanding the German People’s Participation in the Third Reich
Ampersand

The Führer Myth: How Hitler Won Over the German People
By Ian Kershaw
Spiegel Online International

 

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