Nazi Racial Laws

aryan-master-raceThe first major law introduced by the Nazis to curtail the rights of Jewish German citizens was the “Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service” of April 7, 1933. Jewish and other “politically unreliable” civil servants and employees were to be excluded from state service. This was soon followed by other laws which restricted the rights of Jews and other non-Aryans in various sectors of public life That same month, a new law was introduced which restricted the number of Jewish students at German schools and universities. Further legislation sharply limited “Jewish activity” in the medical and legal professions.

On September 15, 1935, two measures were announced to the Reichstag at the annual Party Rally in Nuremberg, which became known as the Nuremberg Laws.

 

The first law was The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour. This prohibited marriages and extramarital intercourse between “Jews” and “Germans” and also the employment of “German” females under forty-five in Jewish households. The second law, The Reich Citizenship Law, declared those not of German blood to be Staatsangehörige (state subjects) while those classified as “Aryans” were Reichsbürger (citizens of the Reich. Jews were basically stripped of their German citizenship. From November 1935 to July 1943, the Jewish people were progressively marginalized in German society.

“…Bitter complaints have come in from countless places citing the provocative behavior of Jews….a certain amount of [conspiratorial] planning was involved….[To prevent] vigorous defensive action by the [Aryan] people, we have no choice but to contain the problem through legislative measures….it may be possible, through a definitive secular solution, to create a basis on which the German people can have a tolerable relationship with the Jews… This law is an attempt to find a legislative solution….if this attempts fails, it will be necessary to transfer [the Jewish problem] … to the National Socialist Party for a final solution by law”. – Adolf Hitler in a speech before the German Reichstag, justifying the new laws.

Nazi Anti-Jewish Laws
Anti-Defamation League

Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany
Wikipedia

Nuremberg Laws
Wikipedia

The Nuremberg Laws:
The Reich Citizenship Law
(September 15, 1935)
Jewish Virtual Library

The Reich Citizenship Law (September 15, 1935) and the First Regulation to the Reich Citizenship Law (November 14, 1935)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)

The Reich Citizenship Law
(September 15, 1935)
Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team

1935 REICHSGESETZBLATT, PART 1, PAGE 1333
First Regulation to the Reichs Citizenship Law of 14 Nov. 1935
Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume IV
Document No. 1417-PS
The Avalon Project
Lillian Goldman Law Library
Yale University

Law for the Protection of
German Blood and German Honor
(September 15, 1935)
Jewish Virtual Library

Reichserbhofgesetz – State Hereditary Farm Law
Wikipedia

The Hereditary Farm Law (September 29, 1933)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)

Anti-Jewish Decrees
Voices of the Holocaust
British Library

EXAMPLES OF ANTISEMITIC LEGISLATION, 1933–1939
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

ANTI-JEWISH LEGISLATION IN PREWAR GERMANY
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Photo: Front and Back Covers of a Compulsory Identification Card for Jews, Issued in Berlin (1939)
German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)

The Nazis & the Jews:
Establishment of The Reich Central Office For Jewish Emigration
(January 24, 1939)
Jewish virtual Library

Central Office for Jewish Emigration
Yad Vashem

 

 

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